Founded in 2009, the Phoenix Think Tank combines a core of distinguished former naval officers and academics with a focus on maritime and naval history, producing analysis and commentary on contemporary developments in the defence sphere.

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The Role of Cruisers in Promoting Russian Presence and Deterrence in Peacetime

Alexander Clarke

The following is a two-part series on the role cruisers played in the Soviet and Russian Navy. The first part examines historical inspiration for developing a cruiser-focused force, concepts of employment, and strategic rationale. Part II will focus on how cruisers shaped the environment through forward presence during the Cold War, and how the nature of presence may evolve into the future. Read more...


Can the Dragon be Slain? The Difficulty of Finding a Way to Defeat China

Colum Hawken

The US has no clear option for conducting a war against China. While several concepts have been suggested, all have clear drawbacks. This article does not presume to definitively explore every theory on how such a war between the US and China would play out. Instead, we shall discuss some of the leading warfighting concepts, so as to better understand their utility. We will specifically examine; AirSea Battle (ASB), Offshore Control (OSC) and Deterrence by Denial (DBD). Read more...


The Royal Malaysian Navy, and Malaysia’s Strategic Maritime Environment

Imran Shamsunahar

From a regional perspective, the Royal Malaysian Navy is a relatively capable and modern naval force in Southeast Asia, albeit facing great challenges in terms of both declining defense spending as well as a worsening maritime neighborhood. The latter involves both state-on-state, conventional threats largely revolving around territorial disputes (namely that of the South China Sea dispute, in which Kuala Lumpur is a passive participant), as well as more non-traditional maritime issues which bedevil Malaysia, including piracy, militant groups, and terrorism. Read more...

History of Airpower Series – Paper 3 – Battle of the Atlantic Versus the Strategic Air Offensive over Germany: was the Second World War Prolonged Unnecessarily?

Dr. Anthony J. Cumming

Last year (2013) marked the 70th anniversary of the climax of the Battle of the Atlantic, the longest running continuous campaign of the Second World War. These operations were fought by the Allies with the objectives of securing supply lines and imposing a naval blockade on the Axis powers. Spilling into adjacent waters as diverse as the Arctic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, the battles were fought by men and ships of the Royal Navy; Royal Navy Patrol Service; Merchant Navy; Royal Canadian Navy and United States Navy against the Kriegsmarine and Luftwaffe... Read more


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